October 2021 issue contents - Column
San Francisco boss Lanza held key role with Colorado's Mafia
By Michael O'Haire
After years of researching my grandfather's stories, I have reached some stunning conclusions about my family's role in Black Hand rackets of southern Colorado and about the evolution of the early Mafia in the United States. Most recently, I discovered that Francesco Lanza, best known as an early leader of the Mafia in San Francisco, traveled between New York and Colorado since at least 1916 and worked with first known Colorado Mafia boss Pellegrinio Scaglia to organize Sicilian-American Black Hand criminals...